Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst

Penguin Books - What goes on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happens? then he pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, or smell triggers the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones act hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli which trigger the nervous system? By now, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened.

Sapolsky keeps going--next to what features of the environment affected that person's brain, and then back to the childhood of the individual, and then to their genetic makeup. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace.

Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst - Wise, humane, powerfully humanizing, Behave is a towering achievement, often very funny, and downright heroic in its own right. Why do we do the things we do?over a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky's genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle.

Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than that one individual. Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its genetic inheritance.

And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one.

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Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers: The Acclaimed Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases, and Coping - Now Revised and Updated

Holt Paperbacks - Renowned primatologist robert sapolsky offers a completely revised and updated edition of his most popular work, with over 225, 000 copies in print Now in a third edition, Robert M. Over time, this activation of a stress response makes us literally sick. Instead, the diseases we fear-and the ones that plague us now-are illnesses brought on by the slow accumulation of damage, such as heart disease and cancer.

Combining cutting-edge research with a healthy dose of good humor and practical advice, Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers explains how prolonged stress causes or intensifies a range of physical and mental afflictions, colitis, heart disease, including depression, ulcers, and more. Sapolsky's acclaimed and successful why zebras Don't Get Ulcers features new chapters on how stress affects sleep and addiction, as well as new insights into anxiety and personality disorder and the impact of spirituality on managing stress.

Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers: The Acclaimed Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases, and Coping - Now Revised and Updated - As sapolsky explains, most of us do not lie awake at night worrying about whether we have leprosy or malaria. It also provides essential guidance to controlling our stress responses. This new edition promises to be the most comprehensive and engaging one yet. When we worry or experience stress, our body turns on the same physiological responses that an animal's does, but we do not resolve conflict in the same way-through fighting or fleeing.

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A Primate's Memoir: A Neuroscientist's Unconventional Life Among the Baboons

Scribner - In the tradition of jane goodall and dian fossey, robert Sapolsky, a foremost science writer and recipient of a MacArthur Genius Grant, tells the mesmerizing story of his twenty-one years in remote Kenya with a troop of Savannah baboons. I had never planned to become a savanna baboon when i grew up; instead, I had always assumed I would become a mountain gorilla, ” writes Robert Sapolsky in this witty and riveting chronicle of a scientist’s coming-of-age in remote Africa.

An exhilarating account of sapolsky’s twenty-one-year study of a troop of rambunctious baboons in Kenya, A Primate’s Memoir interweaves serious scientific observations with wry commentary about the challenges and pleasures of living in the wilds of the Serengeti—for man and beast alike. As he conducts unprecedented physiological research on wild primates, he becomes evermore enamored of his subjects—unique and compelling characters in their own right—and he returns to them summer after summer, until tragedy finally prevents him.

A Primate's Memoir: A Neuroscientist's Unconventional Life Among the Baboons - Over two decades, and a surreal kidnapping, Sapolsky survives culinary atrocities, gunpoint encounters, while witnessing the encroachment of the tourist mentality on the farthest vestiges of unspoiled Africa. By turns hilarious and poignant, A Primate’s Memoir is a magnum opus from one of our foremost science writers.

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The Trouble With Testosterone: And Other Essays On The Biology Of The Human Predi

Scribner - Curious george’s pharmacy” reexamines recent exciting claims that wild primates know how to medicate themselves with forest plants. And “circling the blanket for God” examines the neurobiological roots underlying religious belief. Junk food monkeys” relates the adventures of a troop of baboons who stumble upon a tourist garbage dump.

. Finalist for the los angeles times book prize from the man who Oliver Sacks hailed as “one of the best scientist/writers of our time, ” a collection of sharply observed, uproariously funny essays on the biology of human culture and behavior. In the tradition of stephen jay gould and Oliver Sacks, Robert Sapolsky offers a sparkling and erudite collection of essays about science, the world, and our relation to both.

The Trouble With Testosterone: And Other Essays On The Biology Of The Human Predi - Drawing on his career as an evolutionary biologist and neurobiologist, Robert Sapolsky writes about the natural world vividly and insightfully. With candor, these essays marry cutting-edge science with humanity, and rich observations, humor, illuminating the interconnectedness of the world’s inhabitants with skill and flair.

The trouble with testosterone” explores the influence of that notorious hormone on male aggression.

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How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain

Mariner Books - Its repercussions are already shaking the foundations not only of psychology but also of medicine, child-rearing, meditation, the legal system, and even airport security. Scientists have long supported this assumption by claiming that emotions are hardwired in the body or the brain. Leading the charge is psychologist and neuroscientist Lisa Feldman Barrett, whose theory of emotion is driving a deeper understanding of the mind and brain, and shedding new light on what it means to be human.

Today, however, the science of emotion is in the midst of a revolution on par with the discovery of relativity in physics and natural selection in biology--and this paradigm shift has far-reaching implications for us all. This new theory means that you play a much greater role in your emotional life than you ever thought.

Why do emotions feel automatic? does rational thought really control emotion? How does emotion affect disease? How can you make your children more emotionally intelligent? How Emotions Are Made answers these questions and many more, revealing the latest research and intriguing practical applications of the new science of emotion, mind, and brain.

How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain -  . Her research overturns the widely held belief that emotions are housed in different parts of the brain and are universally expressed and recognized. Instead, by core systems that interact across the whole brain, she has shown that emotion is constructed in the moment, aided by a lifetime of learning.

A new theory of how the brain constructs emotions that could revolutionize psychology, and our understanding of the human mind Emotions feel automatic, health care, the legal system, like uncontrollable reactions to things we think and experience.

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Chaos: Making a New Science

Open Road Media - The “highly entertaining” new york Times bestseller, which explains chaos theory and the butterfly effect, from the author of The Information Chicago Tribune. In the 1960s, a small group of radical thinkers began to take that notion apart, placing new importance on the tiny experimental irregularities that scientists had long learned to ignore.

With more than a million copies sold, chaos is “a groundbreaking book about what seems to be the future of physics” by a writer who has been a finalist for both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, the author of Time Travel: A History and Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman Publishers Weekly.

Chaos: Making a New Science - Miniscule differences in data, economics, they said, would eventually produce massive ones—and complex systems like the weather, and human behavior suddenly became clearer and more beautiful than they had ever been before. In this seminal work of scientific writing, James Gleick lays out a cutting edge field of science with enough grace and precision that any reader will be able to grasp the science behind the beautiful complexity of the world around us.

But even as relativity and quantum mechanics undermined that rigid certainty in the first half of the twentieth century, no matter how complex, the scientific community clung to the idea that any system, could be reduced to a simple pattern. For centuries, scientific thought was focused on bringing order to the natural world.

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Incognito: The Secret Lives of the Brain

Vintage - If the conscious mind—the part you consider to be you—is just the tip of the iceberg, the renowned neuroscientist david eagleman navigates the depths of the subconscious brain to illuminate surprising mysteries: why can your foot move halfway to the brake pedal before you become consciously aware of danger ahead? Why do you hear your name being mentioned in a conversation that you didn’t think you were listening to? What do Ulysses and the credit crunch have in common? Why did Thomas Edison electrocute an elephant in 1916? Why are people whose names begin with J more likely to marry other people whose names begin with J? Why is it so difficult to keep a secret? And how is it possible to get angry at yourself—who, beauty, is mad at whom? Taking in brain damage, infidelity, and visual illusions, what is the rest doing?  In this sparkling and provocative new book, synesthesia, criminal law, artificial intelligence, exactly, dating, plane spotting, drugs, Incognito is a thrilling subsurface exploration of the mind and all its contradictions.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Number Theory Dover Books on Mathematics

Dover Publications - Exercises provide opportunities for constructing numerical tables with or without a computer. In studying number theory from such a perspective, mathematics majors are spared repetition and provided with new insights, while other students benefit from the consequent simplicity of the proofs for many theorems.

Among the topics covered in this accessible, carefully designed introduction are multiplicativity-divisibility, arithmetic functions, including the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, congruences, combinatorial and computational number theory, primitive roots and prime numbers. Students can then derive conjectures from such numerical tables, after which relevant theorems will seem natural and well-motivated.

Number Theory Dover Books on Mathematics - . Although mathematics majors are usually conversant with number theory by the time they have completed a course in abstract algebra, other undergraduates, especially those in education and the liberal arts, often need a more basic introduction to the topic. In this book the author solves the problem of maintaining the interest of students at both levels by offering a combinatorial approach to elementary number theory.

Later chapters offer lucid treatments of quadratic congruences, additivity including partition theory and geometric number theory. Of particular importance in this text is the author's emphasis on the value of numerical examples in number theory and the role of computers in obtaining such examples.

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Thinking, Fast and Slow

Farrar, Straus and Giroux - The impact of overconfidence on corporate strategies, the difficulties of predicting what will make us happy in the future, the profound effect of cognitive biases on everything from playing the stock market to planning our next vacation—each of these can be understood only by knowing how the two systems shape our judgments and decisions.

Engaging the reader in a lively conversation about how we think, Kahneman reveals where we can and cannot trust our intuitions and how we can tap into the benefits of slow thinking. Winner of the national academy of sciences best book award and the los Angeles Times Book Prize and selected by The New York Times Book Review as one of the ten best books of 2011, Thinking, Fast and Slow is destined to be a classic.

Major new york times bestsellerwinner of the national academy of sciences best book award in 2012selected by the new york times book review as one of the ten best books of 2011a globe and mail best books of the year 2011 titleOne of The Economist's 2011 Books of the Year One of The Wall Street Journal's Best Nonfiction Books of the Year 20112013 Presidential Medal of Freedom RecipientKahneman's work with Amos Tversky is the subject of Michael Lewis's The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our MindsIn the international bestseller, Daniel Kahneman, Fast and Slow, Thinking, the renowned psychologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think.

Thinking, Fast and Slow - He offers practical and enlightening insights into how choices are made in both our business and our personal lives—and how we can use different techniques to guard against the mental glitches that often get us into trouble. System 1 is fast, intuitive, more deliberative, and emotional; System 2 is slower, and more logical.

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21 Lessons for the 21st Century

Spiegel & Grau - Tackles a daunting array of issues, endeavoring to answer a persistent question: ‘What is happening in the world today, and what is the deep meaning of these events?’”—BookPage top pick. In homo deus, he looked to our future. Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today’s most pressing issues.

Fascinating. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading. If there were such a thing as a required instruction manual for politicians and thought leaders, Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari’s 21 Lessons for the 21st Century would deserve serious consideration.

When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, technological, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, social, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis? Harari’s unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers.

21 Lessons for the 21st Century - As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, and the world feels more polarized than ever, hacking becomes a tactic of war, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive.

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Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain

Penguin Books - Even modern neuroscience has tended, to concentrate on the cognitive aspects of brain function, until recently, disregarding emotions. In this wondrously engaging book, demonstrating what many of us have long suspected: emotions are not a luxury, Damasio takes the reader on a journey of scientific discovery through a series of case studies, they are essential to rational thinking and to normal social behavior.

Antonio damasio—"one of the world’s leading neurologists" The New York Times—challenged traditional ideas about the connection between emotions and rationality. This attitude began to change with the publication of Descartes’ Error in 1995. Since descartes famously proclaimed, therefore I am, "I think, " science has often overlooked emotions as the source of a person’s true being.

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